Techniques used for forecasting/budgeting can be differentiated into: subjective / qualitative – e.g. consensus of a working group, brainstorming meetings, customer surveys etc. objective / quantitative - mathematical or statistical approach applied to past results from which future trend
Problems with inputs that will influence also the quality of the output from the financial analysis: financial statements are prepared with a certain time lag (usually up to 6 months), the current situation can already be different financial statements include the results of ad-hoc transactions
Horizontal analysis is the method of financial analysis, which shows the changes (ratio or difference) of the same item over time (e.g. a comparison of total assets at the end of the reporting period compared to the end of the previous year). It is possible to compare to: the previous pe
profitability indicators liquidity indicators activity indicators indicators of financial structure and indebtedness market value or capital market indicators group of indicators for broader company analysis
Profitability is defined as the ability to achieve profit by using various resources. Profitability indicators are as follows.
Return on capital employed (ROCE) is one of profitability indicators and it indicates how efficiently the company manages its long-term resources, i.e. how much profit will be generated by the unit of the long-term investment. As the result, ROCE provides better information than ROE, because ROE ha
Benefits of planning/budgeting increases the probability that the company goals and objectives will be achieved helps in defining strengths and weaknesses on which the entity can concentrate problems can be anticipated and avoided by possible remedial action (doing so after the problem crystali
Vertical analysis is the method of financial analysis, which is used to calculate the ratio of certain item on a summary item, for example % of inventories on current or total assets.
Analysis of absolute indicators Analysis of absolute indicators is used to assess the absolute level of various items, e.g. the amount of assets, equity and debt capital, profit, revenue, number of employees, etc. It is used primarily to compare the size of the monitored companies with other compan
Profitability is defined as the ability to achieve profit by using various resources. Profitability indicators form one group of financial analysis, which are used to evaluate profitability and efficiency of the company management, i.e. the company's ability to produce maximum output (i.e. marg
Economic Value Added (EVA) evaluates the value (profit) generated by the company during the year in excess of the cost of capital. Calculation formula NOPAT - (invested capital * WACC) Explanation of terms: • NOPAT →Net Operating Profit After Tax (Operating profit
Return on equity (ROE) is one of profitability indicators, which shows how effectively the entity manages resources invested by the shareholders/partners. Calculation formula * can be in the form of average of the beginning and end of the period The numerator is most